There are numerous glands in our nose to produce mucus on a constant note. Mucus which is generated by the nose glands is capable of performing some important tasks like preventing foreign invaders such as virus and bacteria, minimizing the chances of an infection. Most of the mucus produced is not excreted by your nose (unless you have a runny nose) because consciously or unconsciously you develop the tendency of swallowing it down. Before you swallow the mucus gets mixed up with saliva. You may even feel the mucus dripping from the back part of your nose mounting up inside the throat.
This abnormal secretion is medically termed as post nasal drip. In medical terminology it is abbreviated as PND or PNDS.
Post Nasal Drip Causes
Some of the major causing factors of post nasal drip are :-
- Hormonal changes could be one of the major factors triggering the abnormal secretion
- Improper use of blood pressure controlling medications could result in such a situation
- Allergies could be a vital contributor
- GERD or gastro esophageal reflux disease is a crucial cause of this problem
- Health issues like sinusitis and rhinitis are major reasons behind the excessive secretion
- Swallowing disorder or esophageal motility disorder happens to cause the problem
- Too much use of spice in foods might cause this situation
- Pregnant women might suffer from the problem in various stages of their pregnancy
- Unrestrained use of birth control drugs or pills could be a vital reason
- Deviated septum which happens to be the problem of unnatural wall placement separating two nostrils could end up in post nasal drip
Post Nasal Drip Symptoms
Some of warning signs and symptoms of Post nasal drip are :
- Tendency to your clear throat constantly
- Sore throat is a common sign
- You may also have cough
- Ear infection
- Stomach fullness even when you have not eaten for a long time
- Chest itch
- Bad taste in mouth (Bad breath is a common sign as well)
- Yellow or white coating on your tongue
- You might have vomiting tendency
- Discomfort in your abdominal area
- Blood in mucus
- Runny nose
- Sinus & nasal congestion
- Breathing Problem
- Burning sensation in your throat
- Voice hoarseness
- Constant tendency of spitting
Post Nasal Drip Treatment
The problem needs some focused methods of treatment such as
Antibiotics works in most of the cases. It all depends on the extent and nature of the problem of PND. Doctors use antibiotics with a view to controlling the bacterial infection. They also use it as a therapeutic dosage to enhance the resistance power of the patients suffering from post nasal drip.
Acid reflux is a serious condition associated with PND and therefore acid control is essential in order to find a workable cure for post nasal drip. Most renowned doctors like to focus on this aspect. Use of fennel seeds is advocated in this regard.
Allergy medications like nasal steroids, antihistamines, allergy injections are widely used for the treatment as well.
Sinus massage is a simple technique which effectively promotes the drainage of mucus. It’s good for sinus headaches and has no side effects.
There are mixed opinions about the usage of decongestants. However, some pharmacy professionals and healthcare pros feel that decongestants like Pseudoephedrine just work great. However, the medicine should be taken in proper limits.
Common medicines such as Claritin, Robitussin, Benadryl, Vicks, Chlor-Trimeton, Afrin (specific nasal spray) etc. are helpful for temporary relief. However, it is advised to consult a doctor before taking any medicine.
Post Nasal Drip Home Remedies
Natural and home remedies do not have any side effects and provides you a drug-free solution. Some changes in lifestyle and following some of these remedies might improve your condition.
It is supposed to be very effective when it comes to a complete cure of the problem. Root ginger can work magically. All you have to do is to chew the ginger on a regular basis. The juice that you extract by chewing the root ginger will gradually bring the problem under control.
Diet control is important to control GERD which is a major cause of post nasal drips. Low calorie diet consisting of veggies, grains, beans, nuts, seeds etc. is advised to keep in under control.
According to the healthcare professionals, you can really find some miraculous results if you drink plenty of water on a regular basis.
Gargling with salt water
Because of the PND situation you always feel like there is some lump stuck in your throat which causes sore throat and irritation. Take a pinch of salt and mix it with a glass of lukewarm water. Gargling with salt water is good for sore throat and provided an instant relief.
Cleanliness at home
Cleanliness is important for the treatment of post nasal drip. Cleaning your home eliminates the chances of you coming in contact with an allergen.
Take a cup of lukewarm water and mix it with half a pinch of baking soda and salt (1/2 tsp). Squirt this solution into your nostrils using a nasal syringe and move your head in different directions so that it gets inside your sinuses. Blow your nose after 5-10 seconds and make sure some fluid comes out. It help you clear mucus and is a great remedy for post nasal drip.
Garlic and Cayenne Pepper
Garlic and Cayenne pepper both have antibiotic properties and they are also enriched in nutrients. Your congestion issue will be alleviated greatly. Similarly your breathing will improve.
Honey and tea
Combination of honey and tea is great for sore throat and post nasal drip. You can take it two or three times a day.
You can use peppermint oil as a natural inhaler for your nose. The nasal blockages will be cleared to a great extent with this oil. You have to pour a little quantity of peppermint oil on a small piece of cotton. Get the cotton soaked well in the oil and then bring it close to your nose and start inhaling. Continue with it for some time. You can use the inhaler at the time of going to bed and also after you wake up from sleep in the morning. This remedy helps greatly in nasal blockages and post nasal drip.
Facial steamers are very effective for post nasal drip to loosen up the excess mucus . You just need a pot of hot water and inhale the vapor released from it.
Post Nasal Drip Prevention
Things to avoid:
- Dairy Products
- Ice creams & Cold Drinks (as it produces a lot of mucus)
- Spicy Food